Parenting: Types, Effects and Cultural Variation

Main Article Content

S. M. Yasir Arafat
Hasina Akter
Md Aminul Islam
Md. Mohsin Ali Shah
Russell Kabir


Studies have been coming out exploring different aspects of parenting and how the child has been shaped by parenting. Parenting is the emotional tone between parent and child. It is usually conceptualized by two dimensions, namely demandingness and responsiveness. Based on these dimensions, parenting has been conceptualized in four types mentioned as authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, and neglectful. Parenting has immediate as well as enduring effects on a child’s behavioral, emotional, personal, and cognitive development. However, parenting is deeply influenced by the culture which decides the limits of behavior that to be controlled and praised. This narrative review was aimed to discuss the dimensions, types, effect of parenting style on the child’s development, and cultural variation of it.

Parenting, culture, demandingness, responsiveness, authoritative, authoritarian, permissive

Article Details

How to Cite
Arafat, S. M. Y., Akter, H., Islam, M. A., Shah, M. M. A., & Kabir, R. (2020). Parenting: Types, Effects and Cultural Variation. Asian Journal of Pediatric Research, 3(3), 32-36.
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