Parenting: Types, Effects and Cultural Variation

Main Article Content

S. M. Yasir Arafat
Hasina Akter
Md Aminul Islam
Md. Mohsin Ali Shah
Russell Kabir

Abstract

Studies have been coming out exploring different aspects of parenting and how the child has been shaped by parenting. Parenting is the emotional tone between parent and child. It is usually conceptualized by two dimensions, namely demandingness and responsiveness. Based on these dimensions, parenting has been conceptualized in four types mentioned as authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, and neglectful. Parenting has immediate as well as enduring effects on a child’s behavioral, emotional, personal, and cognitive development. However, parenting is deeply influenced by the culture which decides the limits of behavior that to be controlled and praised. This narrative review was aimed to discuss the dimensions, types, effect of parenting style on the child’s development, and cultural variation of it.

Keywords:
Parenting, culture, demandingness, responsiveness, authoritative, authoritarian, permissive

Article Details

How to Cite
Arafat, S. M. Y., Akter, H., Islam, M. A., Shah, M. M. A., & Kabir, R. (2020). Parenting: Types, Effects and Cultural Variation. Asian Journal of Pediatric Research, 3(3), 32-36. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajpr/2020/v3i330130
Section
Short Communication

References

Sahithya BR, Manohari SM, Vijaya R. Parenting styles and its impact on children – a cross cultural review with a focus on India. Ment. Health Relig. Cult. 2019;22(4): 357-83.

Baumrind D. Current patterns of parental authority. Developmental Psychology Monographs. 1971;4:1-103.

Deslandes R, Royer E, Turcotte D, Bertrand R. School achievement at the secondary level : Influence of parenting style and parent involvement in schooling. McGill J. Educ. 1997;32(3):191–208.

Maddahi ME, Javidi N, Samadzadeh M, Amini M. The study of relationship between parenting styles and personality dimensions in sample of college students. INDJSRT. 2012;5(9):3332–6.

Baumrind D. Patterns of parental authority and adolescent autonomy. New Dir Child Adolesc Dev. 2005;108:61–9.

Kahraman H, Irmak TY, Basokcu TO. Parenting practices scale: Its validity and reliability for parents of school-aged children. Educ. Sci. Theory Pract. 2017;17(3):745–69.

Baumrind D. Commentary on sexual orientation: Research and social policy implications. Dev. Psychol. 1995;31:130–6.

Maccoby EE, Martin JA. Socialization in the context of the family: Parent-child interaction. In Mussen PH, Hetherington EM (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology, V. 4. Socialization, Personality and Social Development: New York: Wiley. 1983;1-102.

Olivari MG, Tagliabue S, Confalonieri E. Parenting style and dimensions questionnaire: A review of reliability and validity. Marriage & Family Review. 2013;49:465–90.

Batool SS. Lack of adequate parenting: A potential risk factor for aggression among adolescents. Pak. J. Psychol. Res. 2013;28(2):217–38.

Winsler A, Madigan AL, Aquilino SA. Correspondence between maternal and paternal parenting styles in early childhood. Early Child. Res. Q. 2005;20(1): 1–12.

Hong E. Impacts of parenting on children’s schooling. Journal of Student Engagement: Education Matters. 2012;2(1):36–41.

Turner EA, Chandler M, Heffer RW. The influence of parenting styles, achievement motivation and self-efficacy on academic performance in college students. J. Coll. Stud. 2009;50(3):337–346.

Shobola A, Omoregbe S. Assessment of parenting styles on school attendance and academic performance of nomadic children in selected settlements in Nigeria. JESR. 2012;2:313–321.

Matejevic M, Todorovic J, Jovanovic AD. Patterns of family functioning and dimen-sions of parenting style. Procedia -Social and Behavioral Sciences 2014;141:431–7.

Arredondo EM, Elder JP, Ayala GX, Campbell N, Baquero B, Duerksen S. Is parenting style related to children’s healthy eating and physical activity in Latino families? Health Educ. Res. 2006;21(6): 862–871.

Johnson R, Welk G, Saint-Maurice PF, Ihmels M. Parenting styles and home obesogenic environments. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health. 2012;9(4):1411–26.

Buri JR. Parental authority questionnaire. J Pers Assess. 1991;57(1):110–9.

Alkharusi H, Aldhafri S, Kazem A, Alzubiadi A, Al-Bahrani M. Development and validation of a short version of the parental authority questionnaire. J Soc Behav Pers. 2011;39(9):1193–208.

Bibi F, Chaudhry AG, Awan EA, Tariq B. Contribution of parenting style in life domain of children. IOSR-JHSS 2005;12(2):91–95.

Gafoor A, Kurukkan A. Construction and validation of scale of parenting style. GJBSS. 2014;2(4):315–23.

Kim SY, Wang Y, Orozco-Lapray D, Shen Y, Murtuza M. Does “tiger parenting” exist? Parenting profiles of Chinese Americans and adolescent developmental outcomes. Asian Am. J. Psychol. 2013;4(1):7–18.

Arafat SMY. Validation of Bangla parenting style and dimension questionnaire. Glob Psychiatry. 2018;1(2):95-107.

Lau PWC, Lee A, Ransdell L. Parenting style and cultural influences on overweight children’s attraction to physical activity. Obesity. 2007;15(9):2293–302.

Subaskaran S, Balasuriya A. Development and validation of a questionnaire in parenting patterns: Evidence from Tamil culture in Northern Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka J. Soc. Sci. 2016;39(2):89-97.

Changalwa CN, Ndurumo MM, Barasa PL, Poipoi MW. The relationship between parenting styles and alcohol abuse among college students in Kenya. Greener J. Educ. Res. 2012;2(2):13–20.

Chan TW, Koo A. Parenting style and youth outcomes in the UK. Eur. Sociol. Rev. 2011;27(3):385–99.